ISSN 2500-2236
DOI-prefix: 10.18527/2500-2236

The Microbiology Independent Research (MIR) journal is a new, international resource for academic researchers and professionals in the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industry. The journal publishes strictly peer-reviewed papers that cover novel aspects in virology, bacteriology, and mycology.

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Does immune response to SARS-COV-2 depends on sex?

Several new studies have shown that the outcome of COVID19 is worse for older male patients compared to older female patients. 

The Most Popular Articles

Fighting bacterial resistance: approaches, challenges, and opportunities in the search for new antibiotics. Part 1. Antibiotics used in clinical practice: mechanisms of action and the development of bacterial resistance
published: 2017-12-24

Alexander Zhivich

Hundreds of thousands of people are dying every year in the world from infections caused by drug resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistance is a rapidly increasing problem mostly as a result …
Influenza vaccines manufacturing in continuous cell lines: problems and solutions
published: 2017-03-30

Julia Romanova

In order to decrease the morbidity and mortality caused by seasonal influenza outbreaks, several hundred million vaccine doses are produced worldwide each year. The predominant substrate for the production of …
Changes in the antigenic and genetic structure of influenza viruses: analysis of surveillance data of influenza A and B in Russia in 2006-2013
published: 2015-10-13

Mikhail P. Grudinin, Maria M. Pisareva, Andrey B. Komissarov, Anna A. Kosheleva, Zhanna V. Buzitskaya, Marina A. Stukova, Alexandra V. Prokopetz, Daria M. Danilenko, Nadezhda I. Konovalova, Tamara G. Lobova, Anna A. Sominina, Oleg I. Kiselev

The goal of this research project was to study the natural variability of human influenza A and B viruses based on the analysis of the population structure of influenza viruses, …
Two years of experience in hospital surveillance for the severe influenza like illnesses in St. Petersburg: etiology, clinical characterization of diseases, antigenic and genetic properties of isolated influenza viruses
published: 2015-11-17

Anna A. Sominina, Maria M. Pisareva, Mikhail P. Grudinin, Mikhail Yu. Eropkin, Nadezhda I. Konovalova, Vera F. Sukhovetskaya, Olga I. Afanasieva, Lubov V. Voloshuk, Andrey B. Komissarov, Zhanna V. Buzitskaya, Artem V. Fadeev, Kirill A. Stolyarov, Elizaveta A. Smorodintseva, Veronika S. Afanasieva, Marina A. Yanina, Vitalii V. Gonchar, Ludmila V. Osidak, Alexey A. Go

In this paper, we analyze the etiology of the diseases occurring during two consecutive influenza epidemic seasons in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation. The analysis is based on the results of …
The challenges of creating a universal influenza vaccine
published: 2016-07-10

Andrej Y. Egorov

The lack of population immunity to the periodically emerging pandemic influenza strains makes influenza infection especially dangerous. The fragmented nature of the influenza virus genome contributes to the formation of …
H5N1 influenza vaccine quality is affected by hemagglutinin conformational stability

Mariia Sergeeva, Artem Krokhin, Mikhail Matrosovich, Tatyana Matrosovich, Markus Wolschek, Oleg Kiselev, Julia Romanova

Since 1997, highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses have circulated in wild and domestic birds and sporadically have infected humans. Conventional inactivated vaccines made from these viruses were shown to …
Factors affecting the immunogenicity of the live attenuated influenza vaccine produced in continuous cell line
published: 2016-05-08

Andrea Wolkerstorfer, Dietmar Katinger, Julia Romanova

The biological basis for the restricted immunogenicity of some live attenuated influenza vaccine strains generated on the backbone of the cold adapted (ca) A/Singapore/1/1957/ca (H2N2) influenza A virus master strain …
Live poultry vaccines against highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses
published: 2018-08-13

Elizaveta Boravleva, Alexandra Gambaryan

The widespread circulation of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) and their occasional transmission to humans creates a constant pandemic threat and leads to significant economic losses in the poultry …
A new safe and effective cold-adapted modified live equine influenza virus vaccine that enables the differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals
published: 2016-10-09

Kaissar Tabynov

An analysis of the main advantages and shortcomings of the existing inactivated and live vaccines against the equine influenza viruses (EIVs) is given in this paper. For the first time, …
The problem of bacterial complications post respiratory viral infections
published: 2018-07-05

Andrej Egorov

Every person over the course of their lifetime is repeatedly infected by a variety of respiratory viruses that represent risk factors for the development of bacterial complications. The most dangerous …
Mutations in human genes that increase the risk for severe influenza infection
published: 2015-09-09

O. I. Kiselev, A. B. Komissarov, O.S.Konshina, M.N.Dmitrieva, E.G.Deyeva, T.V.Sologub, V.I.Pokrovskiy

The system of genetic control of innate immune responses to influenza infection and gene function allows for the development of systemic treatment of influenza with a focus on the phenotype …
The influenza epidemic in Russia in 2014–2015 season
published: 2016-04-17

Ludmila S. Karpova, Nina M. Popovtseva, Tatyana P. Stolyarova, Nadezhda I. Konovalova, Mikhail Y. Eropkin, Elena I. Burtzeva, Elena L. Feodoritova, Anna A. Sominina

The goal of this study was to compare the data on the intensity of the influenza A(H3N2) and B epidemic (especially the death toll) in the 2014–2015 season with the …
Research Institute of Influenza

Dr. L.M. Tsybalova

Nowadays, the Russian Research Institute of Influenza is the only one in the world that is focused on the detailed research of Influenza and other Acute Respiratory Diseases (ARD). A.A. Smorodintsev …
Development of the A/H6N1 influenza vaccine candidate based on A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) master donor virus and the genome composition analysis using high resolution melting (HRM)
published: 2016-09-15

Yulia A. Desheva, Tatiana A. Smolonogina, Galina O. Landgraf, Larisa G. Rudenko

The avian influenza viruses of H6N1subtype present a potential danger for humans. The cold-adapted (ca) reassortant influenza virus А/17/herring gull/Sarma/2006/887 (H6N1) was obtained in chicken embryos by the genetic reassortment …
Influence of single amino acid substitutions in the hemagglutinin on antigenic and receptor-binding properties of influenza virus B/Florida/04/2006 of Yamagata-like evolutionary lineage
published: 2016-09-08

Evgeniy V. Sorokin, Tatyana R. Tsareva, Anna A. Sominina, Maria M. Pisareva, Andrey B. Komissarov, Аnna А. Kosheleva

Influenza A and B viruses use sialylated oligosaccharide chains expressed on the surface of a host cell as the cell entry receptors. The type of the bond between sialic acid …
Synthesis and study of the antimicrobial activity of nifuroxazide derivatives
published: 2019-04-29

Nikita G. Sidorov, Alexey D. Kravchenko, Alexander V. Poddubikov, Vera G. Arzumanian 

The number of infections caused by microorganisms that are resistant to antibiotics and synthetic antibacterial drugs is growing fast worldwide. This is one of the most important and urgent problems …
Effect of triazavirine on the outcome of a lethal influenza infection and secondary bacterial pneumonia following influenza in mice
published: 2018-02-22

Irina A. Leneva, Irina N. Falynskova, Nailya R. Makhmudova, Ekaterina A. Glubokova, Nadezhda P. Kartashova, Eugenia I. Leonova, Natalya A. Mikhailova, Irina V. Shestakova

Pneumonia often occurs as secondary infection post influenza disease and accounts for a large proportion of the morbidity and mortality associated with seasonal and pandemic influenza outbreaks. The antiviral drug …
Development of the cell-ELISA test for the subtype identification of circulating influenza A(H1) and A(H3) viruses
published: 2016-06-02

Vera Krivitskaya, Evgeniy Sorokin, Tatyana Tsareva, Ekaterina Petrova, Nadezhda Konovalova, Maria Pisareva, Zhanna Buzitskaya, Tatyana Smirnova, Anna Sominina

The sensitive version of cell-ELISA was developed for the subtype-specific differentiation of current influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H3N2) viruses that are circulating in the human population. This method is based on …
The use of microarrays for the identification of the origin of genes of avian influenza viruses in wild birds
published: 2017-12-16

Rustam N. Heydarov, Natalia F. Lomakina, Elizaveta Yu. Boravleva, Ivan S. Kholodilov, Alexandra S. Gambaryan, Vladimir M. Mikhailovich, Eugene E. Fesenko

Forty-two strains of avian influenza viruses were isolated from the wild waterfowls’ feces in the city of Moscow. These viruses, as well as reference strains and some experimental reassortants, were analyzed …

Current Issue

Volume 8, Number 1, 2021


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Does immune response to SARS-COV-2 depends on sex?

Several new studies have shown that the outcome of COVID19 is worse for older male patients compared to older female patients. 


Competition results amongst all researchers, graduate students and students for the best 2019-2020 scientific publication in MIR Journal

After reviewing the articles submitted for the competition, the following authors are pronounced winners


Competition for the best scientific publication on microbiology (virology, bacteriology, mycology) continues

Since just a few submitted papers were accepted for the competition after the peer review process in 2019 the editorial board of MIR journal decided to continue the competition throughout 2020


Coronavirus in Italy – Report From The Front Lines #JAMALive


What do we know today about the new coronavirus isolated in China?

In December 2019, several patients associated with the wholesale seafood market in Wuhan, China, were hospitalized with severe pneumonia of unknown etiology


Competition for the best publication in 2019 (6 cash prizes for winners)

Editorial board of MIR Journal announces a competition for the best scientific publication on Microbiology (Virology, Bacteriology, Mycology) in 2019

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