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The challenges of creating a universal influenza vaccine

https://doi.org/10.18527/2500-2236-2016-3-1-31-41

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Аннотация

The lack of population immunity to the periodically emerging pandemic influenza strains makes influenza infection especially dangerous. The fragmented nature of the influenza virus genome contributes to the formation of influenza virus reassortants containing genomic fragments from different strains. This mechanism is the main reason for the natural influenza virus antigenic diversity as well as for the occurrence of influenza pandemics. Vaccination is the best measure to prevent the spread of influenza infection, but the efficacy of existing vaccines is not sufficient, especially for the elderly and small children. Specific immunity, developed after disease or immunization, poorly protects against infection by influenza viruses of another subtype. In this regard, there is an urgent need for a more effective universal influenza vaccine that provides a long-lasting broad cross-protective immunity, and is able to protect against influenza A and B viruses of all known subtypes. The basic approaches to as well as challenges of creating such a vaccine are discussed in this review.

Ключевые слова


Об авторе

A. Y. Egorov
HSC Development Ltd
Австрия

Andrej Egorov 

Tulln



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Для цитирования:


Egorov A.Y. The challenges of creating a universal influenza vaccine. Microbiology Independent Research Journal (MIR Journal). 2016;3(1):31-41. https://doi.org/10.18527/2500-2236-2016-3-1-31-41

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Egorov A.Y. The challenges of creating a universal influenza vaccine. Microbiology Independent Research Journal (MIR Journal). 2016;3(1):31-41. https://doi.org/10.18527/2500-2236-2016-3-1-31-41

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