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The influenza epidemic in Russia during the 2014–2015 season

https://doi.org/10.18527/2500-2236-2015-2-1-56-64

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Аннотация

The goal of this study was to compare the data on the intensity of the influenza A(H3N2) and B epidemic (especially the death toll) in the 2014–2015 season with the previous epidemic of the 2013-2014 season. The data on weekly morbidity, hospitalization, deaths from influenza, and acute respiratory diseases in different age groups of inhabitants of 59 cities located in 7 Federal districts of the Russian Federation were collected using the database of the Research Institute of Influenza.
Analysis of this data showed that the influenza epidemic in 2014-2015 began earlier (in December) compared to the epidemic of 2013-2014, and spread mainly from Europe through Russia to the East. The intensity of the epidemic of 2014-2015 was higher compared to the previous one. The epidemic was more prevalent by regions and cities and a wider engagement of different age groups (except children up to 2 years of age) was observed. At the peak of the epidemic, the morbidity level was higher, the average duration of the epidemic was longer, and the number of patients among cities’ inhabitants (especially among children 7-14 years of age and adults) was higher than in the previous season. The rates of hospitalization with influenza and acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) among patients older than 65 years were also higher (1.4 times) as well as the frequency of hospitalization with a diagnosis of “influenza” (2.7 times) and the number of deaths from laboratory confirmed influenza (1.8 times).
Although the influenza pandemic virus strain A(H1N1)pdm09 was not the main causative agent of the 2015 epidemic and was distributed sporadically it still remained the leading cause of deaths from influenza in the course of this epidemic (45.5% of all cases). The deaths associated with this strain were recorded only in the European part of Russian Federation.

Об авторах

L. S. Karpova
Research Institute of Influenza
Россия

Ludmila S. Karpova

Saint Petersburg



N. M. Popovtseva
Research Institute of Influenza
Россия
Saint Petersburg


T. P. Stolyarova
Research Institute of Influenza
Россия
Saint Petersburg


N. I. Konovalova
Research Institute of Influenza
Россия
Saint Petersburg


M. Y. Eropkin
Research Institute of Influenza
Россия
Saint Petersburg


E. I. Burtzeva
Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology
Россия
Moscow


E. L. Feodoritova
Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology
Россия
Moscow


A. A. Sominina
Research Institute of Influenza
Россия
Saint Petersburg


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Для цитирования:


Karpova L.S., Popovtseva N.M., Stolyarova T.P., Konovalova N.I., Eropkin M.Y., Burtzeva E.I., Feodoritova E.L., Sominina A.A. The influenza epidemic in Russia during the 2014–2015 season. Microbiology Independent Research Journal (MIR Journal). 2015;2(1):56-64. https://doi.org/10.18527/2500-2236-2015-2-1-56-64

For citation:


., ., ., ., ., ., ., . The influenza epidemic in Russia during the 2014–2015 season. Microbiology Independent Research Journal (MIR Journal). 2015;2(1):56-64. https://doi.org/10.18527/2500-2236-2015-2-1-56-64

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ISSN 2500-2236 (Online)